Acute bronchitis is the inflammation of mucous membrane of the trachea affecting on enlargement and hyperactivity of mucous glands which make tracheal pathway narrowed causing cough and secretion with dyspnea.
- Respiratory tract infection, mostly from virus which is the same group causing flu and influenza.
- Bacterial infection such as Bordateria pertussis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae
- Irritants such as smoking, air pollution, dust, chemical agent, etc.
- Irritation from gastric enzyme in patient with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Signs and symptoms
- Slight fever, chills, fatigue
- Cough with few or no sputum initially then increasing much more secretion later
- In case of sticky green or yellow sputum is caused by bacteria infection
- Symptomatic treatment for example antipyretic drug for treatment of fever.
- Cough medication or bronchodilator.
In case of a large amount of sputum, mucolytic agent may be given.